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Table 7 Recommended minimum protein, energy, and mineral intakes for chronic kidney disease (CKD) and maintenance dialysis patients

From: Recent advances in the pathophysiology and management of protein-energy wasting in chronic kidney disease

  Nondialysis CKD Hemodialysis Peritoneal dialysis
Protein 0.6–0.8 g/kg/day >1.2 g/kg/day >1.2 g/kg/day
Illness 1.0 g/kg Peritonitis >1.5 g/kg
Energy 30–35a kcal/kg/day 30–35a kcal/kg/day 30–35a kcal/kg/day including kcal from dialysate
Sodium 80–100 mmol/day 80–100 mmol/day 80–100 mmol/day
Potassium <1 mmol/kg if elevated <1 mmol/kg if elevated Not usually an issue
Phosphorus 800–1000 mg and binders if elevated 800–1000 mg and binders if elevated 800–1000 mg and binders if elevated
  1. Greater than 50 % of high biological value protein (that is, complete protein sources, containing the full spectrum of essential amino acids) is recommended
  2. aBased on physical activity level. In sedentary elderly adults, recommended energy intake is 30 kcal/kg/day. All recommendations are based on ideal body weight. Regular follow-up supports compliance