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Table 1 A conceptual summary of kidney disease priorities for higher- and lower-income countries

From: Global challenges posed by the growth of end-stage renal disease

Higher-income countries Lower-income countries
Detect CKD and prevent ESRD Continue to target communicable diseases, which are a risk for AKI
Increase living-related donor kidney transplants, especially for preemptive transplantation Establish physical and human infrastructure to treat CKD and perform transplants
Reduced morbidity and mortality in dialysis patients Reduce physical, economic, and cultural barriers to transplant
Seek novel payment models to reduce costs Promote PD and home HD and, with developed countries, seek ways to make dialysis more affordable and less water use-intensive
  1. AKI acute kidney injury, CKD chronic kidney disease, ESRD end-stage renal disease, HD hemodialysis, PD peritoneal dialysis