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Table 1 List of previous reports regarding combined therapy with PD and HD

From: Clinical efficacy of combined therapy with peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis

Author, year Study design n Duration of PD at start of combined therapy (years) Reason for combined therapy
Inadequate dialysis (%) Fluid overload (%) Both (%)
Kawanishi, 1999 [6] Single center retrospective 12 4.1 ± 3.6 25 59  
Hashimoto, 2000 [9] Single center retrospective 6 2.1 ± 0.9    
Kawanishi, 2002 [10] Single center retrospective 31   39 16  
Kanno, 2003 [11] Single center retrospective 7 4.3 ± 1.1    
Agarwal, 2003 [12] Multicenter retrospective 31 4.3 ± 4.1 34 16  
McIntyre, 2004 [13] Prospective 8 0    
Kawanishi, 2006 [14] Multicenter retrospective 52 3.6 ± 3.0 42 35 15
Hoshi, 2006 [15] Single center retrospective 9 3.6 ± 0.2    
Kawanishi, 2007 [16] Single center retrospective 23 2.3 ± 1.7 52 48  
Moriishi, 2010 [17] Single center retrospective 76     
Matsuo, 2010 [18] Single center retrospective 53 4.1 ± 3.2 83 42 25
Tanaka, 2011 [19] Single center retrospective 14 3.8 (mean)   100  
Suzuki, 2012 [20] Single center retrospective 26     
Maruyama, 2014 [21] Multicenter retrospective 104 4.0 ± 3.5    
  1. PD peritoneal dialysis, HD hemodialysis