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Table 2 Comparison between APD and CAPD for preservation of residual renal function

From: Which clinical conditions are most suitable for induction of automated peritoneal dialysis?

Study (published year) Study design Setting countries Data source N (CAPD, APD) Duration of observation Results
de Fijter CW et al. (1994) [15] Prospective Randomized study Netherlands (1988–1991) Single 81 (41, 41) 24 months Ns.
Hiroshige K et al. (1996) [22] Prospective cohort study Japan (1992–1994) Single center 18 (5, 13) 6 months CAPD was better
Bro S et al. (1999) [16] Prospective randomized study Denmark (1995–1999) Multicenter 34 (17, 17) 6 months Ns.
Hufnagel G et al. (1999) [92] Prospective cohort study France (1995–1997) Single center 36 (18, 18) 12 months CAPD was better
Galler P et al. (2000) [93] Prospective cohort study Spain (N/A) Single center 20 (11, 9) 12 months Ns.
Hamada C et al. (2000) [94] Prospective cohort study Japan (N/A) Single 34 (17, 17) 24 months Ns. (but decrease of urinary volume was faster in CAPD)
Moist LM et al. (2000) [95] National Registry data USA (1997) USRDS dialysis morbidity and mortality 1032 (722, 310) 8–18 months Ns.
Singhal MK et al. (2000) [96] Prospective cohort study Canada (1994–1997) Single center 242 (211, 31) 27 ± 14 months Ns.
Holley JL et al. (2001) [97] Retrospective database USA (1991–2000) N/A 184 (70, 114) <9 months Ns.
Hidaka H et al. (2003) [98] Prospective cohort study Japan (1995–2001) Single center 34 (27, 7) 12~42 months CAPD was better
Johnson DW et al. (2003) [99] Prospective cohort study Australia (1995–2001) Single center 146 (134, 12) 21 ± 15 months Ns.
Rodriguez-Carmona A et al. (2004) [100] Prospective observational study Spain (1995–2001) Single center 104 (53, 51) 12–24 months CAPD was better
Balasubramanian et al. (2011) [11] Retrospective observational study UK (2003–2008) Single center 277 (130, 147) 5 years Ns.
Cnossen TT et al. (2011) [90] Retrospective observational study UK (2001–2008) Multicenter 620 (179, 441) 450 days Ns.
Michael WM et al. (2011) [101] Prospective cohort study Netherlands (1997–2006) Multicenter (NECOSAD) 583 (505, 78) 3 months–3 years Ns.
Roszkowska-Blaim M et al. (2012) [80] Retrospective observational study Poland (1992–2009) Multicenter 101 children (44, 57) 36 months CAPD was better
Pérez Fontán M et al. (2015) [32] Retrospective observational study Spain (2000–2010) Multicenter 493 (365, 125) 6–24 months CAPD was better when APD was introduced during induction period of PD
  1. Ref. Bieber SD et al. [7]
  2. Ns. not significant between CAPD and APD, N/A not available in the text, NECOSAD Netherlands Cooperative Study on the Adequacy of Dialysis, USRDA US Renal Data System