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Table 2 Hazard ratio for patients with lower versus higher bilirubin levels

From: Association of serum bilirubin levels with mortality in patients with diabetes initiating chronic hemodialysis: a competing risks analysis of a single-center cohort

Cause of death Subdistribution model Cause-specific model
HR (95 % CI) p value HR (95 % CI) p value
All causes 1.56 (0.83–2.94) 0.162 1.45 (0.83–2.50) 0.192
ASCVD 3.57 (1.28–10.00) 0.015 3.23 (1.30–8.33) 0.013
Non-ASCVD 0.83 (0.37–1.89) 0.665 0.83 (0.40–1.72) 0.609
  1. Patients were dichotomized at the median (0.3 mg/dL) of bilirubin levels. Hazard ratios for mortality in patients with lower versus higher bilirubin levels were estimated using the Fine-Gray subdistribution hazard model and cause-specific hazard model. The following variables were incorporated as independent variables: age, sex, duration of diabetes mellitus, history of ASCVD, smoking, date of hemodialysis initiation, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, HbA1c, hemoglobin, serum albumin, logarithmically transformed triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  2. HR hazard ratio, CI confidence interval, ASCVD atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease