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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the chronic hemodialysis patients (n = 349)

From: Survival rates and causes of death in Vietnamese chronic hemodialysis patients

Baseline characteristics of the patients Number of patient (%)
Age at the initiation of hemodialysis (\( \overline{X} \) ±SD, years) 65.24 ± 12.56 (22–96)
Age group at the start of hemodialysis
 <60 85 (24.4)
 60–69 129 (37)
 70–79 97 (27.8)
 ≥80 38 (77.55)
Male 225 (64.5)
Primary causes of end-stage renal disease
 Diabetes 153 (43.8)
 Hypertension 109 (31.2)
 Chronic glomerulonephritis 35 (10)
 Unknown 52 (14.9)
Coexisting conditions 180 (51.6)
 Cardiovascular diseasesa 109 (31.2)
 Tuberculosis 10 (3.72)
 Liver cirrhosis 20 (5.73)
 Dementia 19 (5.44)
 Malignancy 15 (4.29)
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 7 (2.01)
Serum albumin ≥35 g/dL 279 (79.94)
Erythropoietin use (subcutaneous route) 349 (100)
Hemoglobin ≥10 g/dL 198 (56.73)
The initiation of chronic hemodialysis with sudden change 330 (94.56)
Hemodialyzed by a high-flux dialyzer 192 (55.01)
Reuse of a dialyzer 324 (92.84)
Follow-up period of patients (month)
 Median (25–75%) 25(10–51.5)
 Minimum–maximum 1–172
  1. aCardiovascular diseases (myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, cerebrovascular accident, arrhythmia, thoracic or abdominal artery aneurysm, and coronary artery diseases)