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Table 1 Background characteristics of the study participants

From: Association between B-lines detected during lung ultrasound and various factors in hemodialysis patients

Characteristic Quantity
Gender (M/F) 24/25
Age (year) 74.5 ± 11.2
Duration of HD (year) 3.4 (2.1–7.2)
Primary cause of ESKD, n (%)
 Chronic glomerulonephritis 8 (16.3)
 Diabetic nephropathy 22 (44.9)
 Nephrosclerosis 10 (20.4)
 Unknown and others 9 (18.4)
Hypertension, n (%) 41 (83.7)
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 21 (42.9)
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 10 (20.4)
Atrial fibrillation, n (%) 6 (12.2)
Use of antihypertensive drug, n (%) 38 (77.6)
History of coronary artery disease, n (%)
 PCI 4 (8.2)
 CABG 3 (6.1)
Vascular access  
 Arteriovenous fistula 43 (87.8)
 Arteriovenous graft 2 (4.1)
 Subcutaneously fixed superficial artery 2 (4.1)
 Venous catheter 2 (4.1)
Body weight (kg) 52.7 ± 11.5
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 141 ± 26
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 73 ± 16
Heart rate (beat/minute) 75 ± 13
Ejection fraction (%) 60 ± 12
B-lines (number) 10.8 ± 4.6
  1. Mean ± SD, median (interquartile range: IQR)
  2. HD hemodialysis, ESKD end-stage kidney disease, PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, CABG coronary artery bypass grafting