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Table 1 Clinical characteristic in patients undergoing hemodialysis

From: Factors associated with employment in patients undergoing hemodialysis: a mixed methods study

Characteristics Total (n = 149) Difficulty in current and/or previous workplaces P
Experienced Not experienced
(n = 87) (n = 62)
Sex (men/women) [n] 98/51 57/30 41/21 0.938
Age (years) 62 ± 11 59 ± 10 66 ± 10 <0.001
Hemodialysis vintage (years) 8.6 ± 5.6 10.7 ± 5.7 5.5 ± 3.7 <0.001
Underlying diseases
 Chronic glomerulonephritis [n (%)] 26 (17.4) 26 (100.0) 0
 Diabetic nephropathy [n (%)] 93 (62.4) 31 (33.3) 62 (66.7) 0.001
 Nephrosclerosis [n (%)] 14 (9.4) 14 (100.0) 0
 IgA nephropathy [n (%)] 4 (2.7) 4 (100.0) 0
 Polycystic kidney [n (%)] 3 (2.0) 2 (100.0) 0
 Others [n (%)] 5 (3.4) 5 (100.0) 0
 Unidentified [n (%)] 4 (2.7) 4 (100.0) 0
Complications
 Diabetic retinopathy [n (%)] 78 (52.3) 26 (29.9) 52 (83.9) <0.001
 Diabetic neuropathy [n (%)] 25 (16.8) 10 (11.5) 15 (24.2) 0.041
 Cerebral vascular disorder [n (%)] 50 (33.6) 20 (23.0) 30 (48.4) 0.001
 Cardiovascular disorder [n (%)] 78 (52.3) 47 (54.0) 31 (50.0) 0.628
 Anemia [n (%)] 43 (28.9) 33 (37.9) 10 (16.1) 0.004
 Secondary hyperparathyroidism [n (%)] 29 (19.5) 21 (24.1) 8 (12.9) 0.088
 Reshape of vascular access [n (%)] 77 (51.7) 44 (56.6) 33 (53.2) 0.750
Hemodialysis shift
 Daytime [n (%)] 112 (75.2) 70 (80.5) 42 (67.7) 0.011
 Night [n (%)] 37 (24.8) 17 (19.5) 20 (32.3) 0.742
Employed at the time of investigation [n (%)] 84 (56.4) 71 (81.6) 13 (21.0) <0.001
  1. Data on age and hemodialysis vintage are shown as mean ± standard deviation. The chi-square tests were used for comparisons of sex, underlying diseases, complications, and employed at the time of investigation. The t test was used for comparisons of age and hemodialysis vintage