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Table 1 Risk factors associated with PUBS

From: Purple urine bag syndrome in benign prostatic hyperplasia patient

Female gender  
Dementia (cognitive impairment)  
Alkaline urine  
Constipation  
Chronic catheterization with indwelling catheters  
High bacterial loads in the urine  
Chronic kidney disease  
Diabetes mellitus  
Immunocompromised status  
Multi organ failure