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Table 4 Changes in echocardiographic indices

From: Associations between fluid removal and number of B-lines, peak early mitral inflow wave velocity, and inferior vena cava dimensions in hemodialysis patients

Parameter Just after the start (1st) Middle (2nd) Just before the end (3rd) P (1st vs 2nd) P (2nd vs 3rd)
E (cm/s) 80 ± 26 58 ± 22 51 ± 21 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
A (cm/s)a 87 ± 30 77 ± 22 72 ± 20 0.0006 0.0039
E/A 0.95 ± 0.39 0.72 ± 0.26 0.68 ± 0.26 < 0.0001 0.0083
Dct (msec) 255 ± 97 271 ± 92 281 ± 94 Ns Ns
Ea (cm/s) 5.3 ± 1.7 5.4 ± 1.6 5.6 ± 1.6 0.0459 Ns
TRPG (mmHg) 4.5 ± 12.4 2.8 ± 9.5 2.4 ± 9.0 0.0237 Ns
IVC-ex (mm) 15 ± 4 12 ± 3 11 ± 3 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
IVC-in (mm) 11 ± 5 5 ± 3 3 ± 3 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
IVC collapsibility (%) 31 ± 19 61 ± 18 74 ± 20 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
B-lines 12 ± 5 9 ± 4 5 ± 3 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
  1. Mean ± SD
  2. E peak early diastolic filling velocity, A peak Atrial filling velocity, Dct deceleration time, Ea lateral early diastolic mitral annular velocities, TRPG tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient, IVC inferior vena cava dimensions, ex exhalation, in inspiration
  3. aExclude eight atrial fibrillation