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Table 1 Characteristics and comparison of clinical indices in patients with or without a nutritional risk

From: Prevalence of nutritional risk and its impact on functional recovery in older inpatients on maintenance hemodialysis: a retrospective single-center cohort study

  Total (n = 57) With a nutritional risk (n = 50) Without a nutritional risk (n = 7) P value
Age (years), mean ± SD 73.8 ± 6.4 73.8 ± 6.5 70.5 ± 5.8 0.809
Sex, males/females 34/23 27/23 7/0 0.034
Albumin (g/dL), mean ± SD 2.8 ± 0.6 2.7 ± 0.4 3.65 ± 0.2 <.001
BMI (kg/m2), mean ± SD 20.8 ± 3.1 20.6 ± 3.2 22.1 ± 2.4 0.016
GNRI, mean ± SD 79.8 ± 9.9 77.6 ± 8.3 96.0 ± 1.9 <.001
CRP (mg/dL), median (IQR) 3.365 (0.98–7.742) 3.797 (1.621–9.847) 0.441 (0.235–1.863) 0.014
BI at baseline, median (IQR) 35 (10–60) 35 (11.25–60) 30 (7.5–45) 0.750
BI at discharge, median (IQR) 70 (30–90) 65 (25–90) 85 (77.5–92.5) 0.121
BI gain, median (IQR) 15 (0–30) 10 (0–30) 50 (25–85) 0.027
Length of stay (days), median (IQR) 37 (22–52) 38.5 (23.25–51.25) 29 (19.5–44) 0.436
Days from A to R (days), median (IQR) 8 (5–14) 9 (6–14) 7 (3–8.5) 0.065
Duration of rehabilitation (days), median (IQR) 27 (15–36) 27 (15–36) 25 (15–35.5) 0.855
Duration of hemodialysis (years), median (IQR) 7 (6–12) 7 (3–13) 6 (1–7) 0.200
Causative disease for admission (n)
 Ischemic heart disease 10 9 1  
 Aortic disease 4 4   
 Valvular disease of the heart 4 4   
 Congestive heart failure 3 3   
 Cerebral infarction 7 3 4  
 Parkinson’s disease 1   1  
 Lumbar disease 6 6   
 Fracture 3 3   
 Osteoarthritis 3 3   
 Psychiatric disease 3 2 1  
 Perforation of the digestive tract 2 2   
 Pneumonia 2 2   
 Shunt complication 2 2   
 Other 7 7   
Etiology of chronic kidney disease (n)
 Diabetic nephropathy 30 27 3  
 Nephrosclerosis 9 6 3  
 Chronic glomerulonephritis; 6 6   
 Multiple renal cysts 3 2 1  
 Rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis 1 1   
 SLE nephritis 1 1   
 Nephronophthisis 1 1   
 Chronic pyelonephritis 1 1   
 Drug-induced kidney injury 1 1   
 Renal infarction 1 1   
 Unknown 3 3   
  1. BMI body mass index, GNRI Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index, BI Barthel Index, Days from A to R days from admission to start of rehabilitation, IQR interquartile range, SLE systemic lupus erythematosus