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Table 2 Effects of exercise intervention on changes in quality of life for non-dialysis-dependent CKD patients (meta-analysis)

From: Clinical practice guideline for renal rehabilitation: systematic reviews and recommendations of exercise therapies in patients with kidney diseases

SF-36 domains Mean changes of the score p value
Role physical + 23.8 [12.5~35.0] < 0.01
Physical functioning + 11.7 [5.3~18.0] < 0.01
Vitality (energy fatigue) +8.5 [3.2~13.9] < 0.01
General health + 4.4 [−0.3~9.1] 0.07
Bodily pain + 7.7 [1.1~26.1] 0.02
Mental health (emotional well-being) + 4.7 [0.0~9.4] 0.05
Social functioning + 1.8 [−4.2~7.7] 0.56
Role emotional + 5.5 [−4.2~15.1] 0.27
  1. SF36, the 36-item Short Form health Survey