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Table 1 Risk factors for VAF

From: Pharmaceutical prevention strategy for arteriovenous fistula and arteriovenous graft failure

Demographic factors
 - Age, sex, ethnicity
Clinical factors
 - Cardiac disease, peripheral arterial disease, diabetes mellitus, obesity
Hemodynamic factors
 - Size and diastolic function of vessels, blood flow
Technical factors
 - experience of surgeon and cannulation techniques during dialysis
  1. VAF vascular access failure