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Table 1 Literature review of delayed bowel penetration or erosion caused by peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters

From: Unusual communication of an embedded peritoneal dialysis catheter with the colon before use: a case report with literature review

Age/sex Renal disease Duration of PD (months) Inactive use time (months) Clinical manifestation Diagnostic methods Site of bowel perforation Catheter part interacting with the bowel Erosion or penetration Ref.
71/M GN 9 0 Peritonitis EL Sigmoid colon NA NA [8]
46/M PKD NA 4 Asymptomatic Sonogram Rectum Tip Penetration [9]
42/M GN 48 1.6 Peritonitis EL Small bowel NA NA [10]
22/M PSG 8 NA Peritonitis EL Sigmoid colon NA NA [11]
69/F PKD 8 NA Peritonitis EL Sigmoid colon NA NA [11]
36/M IgAN 51 NA Peritonitis EL Right colon NA NA [11]
80/M HN 8 NA Peritonitis CF Sigmoid colon NA NA [11]
54/M RT + HP 15 NA Peritonitis EL Sigmoid colon NA NA [11]
54/F DKD 3 NA Peritonitis EL Ileum/cecum NA NA [11]
53/F IN 17 NA Peritonitis EL Sigmoid colon NA NA [11]
78/M HN 24 0 Peritonitis Contrast enema Proximal jejunum NA NA [12]
43/M MPGN 5 26 Catheter protrusion (anus) Clinical manifestation NA Catheter protrusion (anus) Penetration [4]
46/M GN 21 0 Rectal hemorrhage Colonoscopy Cecum Side wall Erosion [13]
74/M NA 10 8 Watery diarrhea CF Sigmoid colon Tip Penetration [14]
36/M NA 54 6 Foul smell Colonoscopy NA NA NA [15]
62/F NA 3 3 Peritonitis with diarrhea and feculent effluent CF Transverse colon Tip Penetration [16]
73/M MGUS, HN NA NA Watery diarrhea CF and EL Rectum Tip Penetration [17]
18/M MN 10 4 Catheter protrusion (anus) EL Rectosigmoid junction Catheter protrusion (anus) Penetration [18]
2/M PKD 1.5 1.5 Fluid instilled CF Small intestine NA Erosion [19]
54/M DKD 6.5 0 Watery diarrhea CT Appendix NA NA [20]
31/M Polyarteritis nodosa 24 8 Catheter protrusion (anus) CT Sigmoid colon Catheter protrusion (anus) Penetration [21]
50/M DKD 18 6 Peritonitis with watery diarrhea CT Rectum Tip Penetration [22]
72/M GN 27 48 Catheter protrusion (anus) CT and colonoscopy Rectum Catheter protrusion (anus) Penetration [23]
44/M GN 3 0 Peritonitis CT peritoneography Jejunum Side wall Erosion [24]
68/M DKD 14 0 Catheter protrusion (anus) CT Sigmoid colon Catheter protrusion (anus) Penetration [25]
6/M Renal dysplasia 3 0 Feculent effluent CT peritoneography Unknown Unknown Erosion [26]
11/M Renal dysplasia 6 3 Catheter protrusion (anus) Laparoscopy Sigmoid colon Catheter protrusion (anus) Penetration [27]
53/F DKD 0 4 Feculent effluent CT peritoneography and EL Sigmoid colon Side wall Erosion [28]
57/F PKD 0 7 Peritonitis with watery diarrhea CT peritoneography and EL Rectum Side wall Erosion [28]
65/M Bilateral hydronephrosis 24 0 Watery diarrhea Laparoscopy Sigmoid colon Tip Penetration [29]
78/M HN 5 0 Peritonitis with watery diarrhea EL Small bowel Tip Penetration [30]
92/M GN 5 0 Bile and bowel contents in the PD effluent Autopsy Jejunum Tip Penetration [31]
57/F PKD 0 9 Peritonitis with diarrhea and feculent effluent CT peritoneography Sigmoid colon Side wall Erosion Present case
  1. GN glomerulonephritis, EL exploratory laparotomy, NA not available, PKD polycystic kidney disease, PSG post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, IgAN IgA nephropathy, HN hypertensive nephrosclerosis, CF contrast fluoroscopy, RT renal tuberculosis, HP hypertension, DKD diabetic kidney disease, IN interstitial nephritis, MPGN membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, MGUS monoclonal gammopathy of uncertain significance, MN membranous nephritis, CT computed tomography, PD peritoneal dialysis