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Table 2 Changes in echographic indices

From: Associations between pulmonary congestion on chest ultrasound and survival in hemodialysis patients

Parameter At the start At the middle At the end
B-lines 11.8 ± 5.5 9.3 ± 5.3 5.2 ± 4.5
E (cm/s) 78.0 ± 25.8 57.5 ± 20.8 51.4 ± 20.3
A (cm/s)* 84.1 ± 29.7 78.3 ± 21.6 71.7 ± 19.8
IVC-ex (mm) 15.3 ± 3.8 12.0 ± 3.5 10.6 ± 3.4
IVC-in (mm) 10.5 ± 4.7 5.0 ± 3.1 3.0 ± 3.0
IVC collapsibility (%) 33.3 ± 21.0 61.3 ± 19.5 75.9 ± 19.7
  1. Mean ± SD, E peak early diastolic filling velocity, A peak atrial filling velocity, IVC inferior vena cava dimensions, ex exhalation, in inspiration
  2. *Exclude 5 atrial fibrillations