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Table 1 Patient background characteristics

From: Far-infrared therapy for secondary vascular access patency of hemodialysis patients

  f-VAT group nf-VAT group
Number of patients 5 13
Sex (male to female) 2:3 8:5
Age (years) 70 ± 12.5 69.0 ± 12.8
Diabetes patients (%) 66.7 0
Dialysis vintage (months) 91.3 ± 127.9 113.0 ± 56.4
Percentage of patients on anticoagulants (%) 100 36
The number of annual VAT times before intervention by FIRT 5.6 ± 0.9 1.0