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Table 1 Characteristics of overall participants and of patients in the two groups being studied

From: Lower urinary tract symptoms impair the quality of life in maintenance hemodialysis patients

Variable Overall (n = 131) LUTS group (n = 20) Non-LUTS group (n = 111) Significance (p)
Male/female 68/63 17/3 51/60 0.001
Age(years) 69.1 ± 11.3 70.45 ± 10.39 68.79 ± 11.38 0.55
Duration on hemodialysis (months) 98.1 ± 95.4 46.65 ± 46.65 107.11 ± 99.1 0.009
Total OABSS 0.74 ± 1.77 3.35 ± 3.4 0.31 ± 0.61 < 0.001
Total IPSS 4.19 ± 5.79 11.59 ± 6.87 1.85 ± 2.31 < 0.001
KHQ domains
 General health perceptions 40.6 ± 22.3 42.5 ± 16.0 40.40 ± 23.20 0.7
 Impact on life 7.54 ± 20.0 20.0 ± 28.64 5.25 ± 16.94 0.002
 Role limitations 2.50 ± 9.91 8.1 ± 13.09 1.76 ± 9.28 0.01
 Physical limitations 0.98 ± 5.15 1.6 ± 6.97 0.87 ± 4.76 0.56
 Social limitations 1.30 ± 9.38 0.0 ± 0.0 1.517 ± 10.16 0.50
 Personal relationships 2.76 ± 13.1 0.0 ± 0.0 3.25 ± 14.16 0.35
 Emotions 6.34 ± 16.0 17.6 ± 26.81 4.26 ± 12.01 < 0.001
 Sleep/energy 7.20 ± 16.1 20.8 ± 25.85 4.71 ± 12.03 < 0.001
 Incontinence severity 12.2 ± 13.2 19.15 ± 13.54 11.02 ± 12.75 0.01
 Total KHQ score 77.8 ± 67.2 120.4 ± 87.79 70.20 ± 59.65 0.001
Clinical data
 Hemoglobin (g/dL) 10.22 ± 1.62 10.38 ± 1.68 10.19 ± 1.26 0.64
 Serum albumin (g/L) 3.481 ± 0.402 33.55 ± 2.99 35.03 ± 4.15 0.13
 Serum CRP (mg/L) 0.3428 ± 0.6495 28.31 ± 45.30 34.36 ± 68.10 0.70
 Serum IL-6 (pg/mL) 10.803 ± 15.564 8.323 ± 6.302 11.36 ± 16.67 0.43
 Serum creatinine (mg/L) 10.426 ± 2.087 103.43 ± 17.44 104.4 ± 21.58 0.85
 Serum calcium (mg/L) 9.305 ± 0.916 93.20 ± 7.85 93.02 ± 9.44 0.94
 Serum phosphate (mg/L) 5.140 ± 1.705 46.1 ± 14.86 52.34 ± 17.38 0.133
 Serum intact PTH (pg/mL) 228.345 ± 203.34 227.23 ± 254.87 228.55 ± 194.52 0.978