Skip to main content

Table 2 Score of the items in the ADL difficulty questionnaire

From: Comparison of difficulty with activities of daily living in elderly adults undergoing hemodialysis and community-dwelling individuals: a cross-sectional study

 Hemodialysis group
(n = 136)
Control group
(n = 40)
P value
a: U/L ADL difficulty
 Light work
  U-1 Gardening or doing yard work4 (3, 5)5 (4, 5)0.003
  U-2 Carrying a heavy object (over 5 kg)4 (3, 5)4.5 (3, 5)0.06
  U-3 Making a bed4 (3, 5)5 (5, 5)< 0.001
  U-4 Doing heavy household chores4 (3, 5)5 (3.25, 5)0.001
  U-5 Changing a lightbulb overhead4 (3, 5)5 (4, 5)< 0.001
  U-6 Pushing and opening a heavy door4 (3, 5)5 (4, 5)0.003
 Holding activities
  U-7 Unscrewing a PET bottle cap4 (3, 5)5 (4, 5)< 0.001
  U-8 Opening a pull-tab can4 (3, 5)5 (4, 5)< 0.001
  U-9 Opening a new milk carton4 (3, 5)5 (5, 5)< 0.001
  U-10 Using a frying pan with one hand4 (3, 5)5 (4, 5)< 0.001
  U-11 Opening a jar that has a tight lid3 (2, 4)4 (4, 5)< 0.001
b: L/L ADL difficulty
 Basic ADL
  L-1 Rising from a chair4 (3, 5)5 (5, 5)< 0.001
  L-2 Rising from the floor3 (3, 4)4 (4, 5)< 0.001
  L-3 Sitting on the floor3.5 (3, 5)5 (4, 5)< 0.001
 Ambulation
  L-4 Walking 100 m4 (3, 5)5 (4, 5)< 0.001
  L-5 Walking 300 m4 (2.25, 5)5 (4, 5)< 0.001
  L-6 Walking 600 m3 (2, 5)5 (4, 5)< 0.001
  L-7 Walking 1 km3 (1, 4.75)5 (4, 5)< 0.001
  L-8 Walking 20 m quickly4 (3, 5)5 (4, 5)< 0.001
 Walking up or down stairs
  L-9 Walking up one flight of stairs3 (3, 4)5 (4, 5)< 0.001
  L-10 Walking up two flights of stairs3 (2, 4)4 (4, 5)< 0.001
  L-11 Walking down one flight of stairs4 (3, 5)5 (4, 5)< 0.001
  L-12 Walking down two flights of stairs3 (2, 4)5 (4, 5)< 0.001
  1. Values are presented as median (interquartile range)
  2. ADL: activities of daily living, L/L: lower limb, U/L: upper limb