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Table 3 The reasons for HD initiation using a temporary CVC

From: Temporary central venous catheter at hemodialysis initiation and reasons for use: a cross-sectional study

Temporary CVC group (n = 137) n (%)
1) Although the patients had been attending our outpatient clinic for CKD, their physician failed to predict the timing of their HD initiation. 26 (19.0)
2) Although the patients had been attending another outpatient clinic for CKD, they were already in ESRD at the time of our referral. 22 (16.1)
3) Renal function of the patients was acutely exacerbated by accidental factors, such as infection, CVD, or gastrointestinal disease. 21 (15.3)
4) Although the patients had been attending our outpatient clinic for CKD and were fully briefed on RRT, they could not make a decision to create permanent VA for their hesitation and refusal. 17 (12.4)
5) Although the patients had been diagnosed with or suspected of CKD, they had not seen a physician, their hospital visits were interrupted, and they were already in ESRD at the time of our visit. 16 (11.7)
6) HD was urgently initiated in the patients due to RPGN or AKI. 15 (10.9)
7) HD was initiated in the patients before creating permanent VA because their edema was significantly worse compared to the worsening of renal function. 9 (6.6)
8) Although an AVF was created, their AVF was obstructed or underdeveloped at the time of HD initiation. 7 (5.1)
9) Although the patients were on immunosuppressive therapy for non-diabetic nephrotic syndrome, they unexpectedly developed ESRD. 4 (2.9)
  1. AKI acute kidney injury, AVF arteriovenous fistula, CKD chronic kidney disease, CVC central venous catheter, CVD cardiovascular disease, ESRD end-stage renal disease, HD hemodialysis, RPGN rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis, RRT renal replacement therapy, VA vascular access