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Table 2 Participants’ clinical characteristics

From: Fear of falling and physical activity in hemodialysis patients: a pilot study

  All (n = 46) High MFES group (n = 23) Low MFES group (n = 23) p value
Age (years) 70.5 (65.0, 75.0) 67.0 (63.0, 73.0) 72.0 (65.0, 76.0) 0.301
Men, n (%) 18 (39.1) 10 (43.5) 8 (34.8) 0.763
BMI (kg/m2) 22.1 (19.0, 24.3) 22.7 (19.5, 24.1) 20.8 (18.6, 24.8) 0.668
Dialysis duration (years) 7.5 (3.0, 10.0) 6.0 (2.0, 9.0) 8.0 (5.0, 15.0) 0.054
Comorbid conditions
Cerebrovascular disease, n (%) 13 (28.2) 4 (17.4) 9 (39.1) 0.189
Cardiac disease, n (%) 41 (89.1) 20 (87.0) 21 (91.3) 1.0
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 26 (56.5) 10 (43.5) 16 (70.0) 0.136
Diabetic retinopathy, n (%) 12 (26.1) 4 (17.4) 8 (34.8) 0.314
CCI (score) 6.0 (5.0, 7.0) 6.0 (4.0, 7.0) 6.0 (5.0, 7.0) 0.720
Primary kidney disease
Diabetic nephropathy, n (%) 13 (29.5) 10 (43.5) 3 (13.0) 0.047
Glomerulonephritis, n (%) 18 (36.4) 9 (39.1) 9 (39.1) 1.0
Hypertension, n (%) 11 (25.0) 9 (39.1) 2 (8.7) 0.035
Other nephropathies, n (%) 4 (9.0) 2 (8.7) 2 (8.7) 1.0
Laboratory values
Albumin (g/dL) 3.5 (3.2, 3.6) 3.5 (3.2, 3.7) 3.4 (3.3, 3.6) 0.642
Hemoglobin (g/dL) 11.2 (10.8, 12.5) 11.3 (10.9, 13.0) 11.2 (10.3, 12.0) 0.108
PTH (pg/mL) 172.0 (172.0, 286.8) 169.0 (133.0, 338.0) 175.0 (78.0, 264.0) 0.423
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 171.0 (152.0, 188.5) 178.0 (152.0, 194.0) 162.0 (152.0, 186.0) 0.214
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 87.0 (77.0, 99.8) 92.0 (80.0, 101.0) 81.0 (74.0, 98.0) 0.129
Kt/v 1.5 (1.3, 1.8) 1.5 (1.2, 1.6) 1.6 (1.3, 1.8) 0.191
History of falls, n (%) 18 (39.1) 4 (17.4) 14 (60.9) 0.006
MFES (score) 9.2 (7.4, 10.0) 10.0 (9.6, 10.0) 7.3 (4.7, 8.0)  < 0.001
Physical activity
Steps (number/day) 2081.3 (662.3, 2717.4) 2723.5 (2194.5, 3850.8) 921.5 (492.3, 1748.5)  < 0.001
Static PA (min/day) 605.3 (508.6, 724.3 565.3 (486.5, 665.3) 657.3 (545.0, 790.0) 0.111
Light PA (min/day) 98.3 (85.6, 135.6 124.3 (89.3, 157.5) 89.0 (71.8, 107.0) 0.011
MVPA (min/day) 31.3 (18.7, 48.8 46.3 (29.3, 53.5) 21.0 (12.3, 33.0)  < 0.001
  1. BMI, body mass index; MFES, modified falls efficacy scale; MVPA, moderate to vigorous physical activity; PA, physical activity; PTH, parathyroid hormone