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Table 2 Nutrient intake, body weight, and body composition

From: Effects of a novel nutritional formula specially developed for chronic kidney disease patients on protein-restricted diets: a randomized controlled trial

  SUP CTR
Variable 0 week 8 weeks 16 weeks 0 week 8 weeks 16 weeks
Energy (kcal/kg IBW/day) 29 ± 4 30 ± 3 30 ± 4 28 ± 5 29 ± 5 29 ± 5
Protein (g/kg IBW/day) 0.76 ± 0.18 0.76 ± 0.20 0.74 ± 0.19 0.78 ± 0.19 0.77 ± 0.26 0.78 ± 0.25
Salt (g/day) 7.2 ± 2.3 7.3 ± 2.3 7.3 ± 2.1 8.2 ± 3.0 8.6 ± 3.8 7.7 ± 3.5
BW (kg) 65.6 ± 6.6 66.2 ± 6.4** 66.5 ± 6.5*, *** 66.0 ± 8.9 66.2 ± 8.6 65.7 ± 8.7
BMI (kg/m2) 25.0 ± 1.8 25.2 ± 1.9** 25.4 ± 2.0*, *** 24.6 ± 2.9 24.7 ± 2.9 24.3 ± 2.5
%IBW 114 ± 8 115 ± 9** 115 ± 9*, *** 112 ± 13 112 ± 13 110 ± 11
LBM (kg) 47.5 ± 7.4 49.8 ± 10.5 48.9 ± 7.8 48.7 ± 7.6
BP (kg) 12.0 ± 1.9 12.6 ± 2.7 12.3 ± 2.0 12.3 ± 1.9
ICW (kg) 21.6 ± 2.6 22.4 ± 4.2 21.8 ± 3.5 21.8 ± 3.5
ECW (kg) 11.3 ± 1.7 12.1 ± 3.4 12.1 ± 2.2 12.0 ± 2.0
Mineral (kg) 2.6 ± 0.3 2.7 ± 0.5 2.7 ± 0.3 2.7 ± 0.3
BFM (kg) 17.1 ± 5.0 15.7 ± 7.8 16.1 ± 5.2 15.9 ± 4.7
  1. SUP supplement group, CTR control group (no supplement), Salt intake sodium chloride equivalent, BW body weight, BMI body mass index, IBW ideal body weight, BP body protein, LBM lean body mass, ICW intracellular water, ECW extracellular water, BFM body fat mass
  2. *P < 0.05 versus CTR, **P < 0.05, ***P < 0.01 versus 0 week