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Table 1 Patient demographics

From: Risk factors for erectile dysfunction in end-stage renal disease patients with short- or long-term hemodialysis therapy

  All patients Duration of HD <10 years patients Duration of HD ≥10 years patients p values
n = 178 (Group 1; n = 128) (Group 2; n = 50)
Age mean ± SD (years) 59.2 ± 10.7 60.0 ± 10.5 57.4 ± 11.0 0.19
Duration of dialysis mean ± SD (years) 8.1 ± 6.8 4.5 ± 2.5 17.3 ± 5.4 <0.001
Body mass index mean ± SD (kg/m/m) 23.5 ± 8.4 24.3 ± 8.7 21.2 ± 7.1 0.01
Primary renal diseases       0.02
 Diabetes mellitus n (%) 54 (30) 49 (38) 5 (10)  
 Chronic glomerular nephritis n (%) 64 (36) 34 (27) 30 (60)  
 Hypertensive nephrosclerosis n (%) 13 (7) 12 (9) 1 (2)  
 Others n (%) 47 (26) 33 (26) 14 (28)  
Comorbidities       
 Hypertension n (%) 156 (88) 115 (90) 41 (82) 0.19
 Diabetes mellitus n (%) 48 (27) 45 (35) 3 (6) <0.001
 Hyperlipidemia n (%) 25 (14) 20 (16) 5 (10) 0.47
 Hyperuricemia n (%) 42 (25) 37 (29) 5 (10) 0.010
 Cardiovascular disease n (%) 36 (20) 30 (23) 6 (12) 0.100
 Cerebrovascular disease n (%) 13 (7) 8 (6) 5 (10) 0.52
 Liver dysfunction n (%) 10 (6) 4 (3) 6 (12) 0.03
 Depression n (%) 2 (1) 2 (2) 0 (0) 1
Smoking       0.699
 Former smoker n (%) 90 (51) 62 (48) 28 (56)  
 Current smoker n (%) 41 (23) 31 (24) 10 (20)  
Alcohol consumption       0.39
 Social drinker n (%) 70 (39) 47 (37) 23 (46)  
 Daily drinker n (%) 20 (11) 14 (11) 6 (12)  
Presence of sexual partner n (%) 131 (74) 100 (78) 31 (62) 0.08
  1. SD standard deviation, HD hemodialysis