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Table 3 Self-management survey about dietary phosphorus for patients

From: The importance of nutritional intervention by dietitians for hyperphosphatemia in maintained hemodialysis patients

No. Questions Yes No
1 To prevent hyperphosphatemia, you should control your intake of phosphorus.   
2 A hypophosphate meal is defined as a dish that has phosphate intake of less than 1,000 mg.   
3 A hypophosphate meal is defined as a dish that has high energy and is high in protein.   
4 The optimal amount of protein is 50g for women, 60 g for men.   
5 There is a lot of phosphorus in protein.   
6 40% of phosphate that is contained in a meal is absorbed from the intestine.   
7 A calcium-rich meal contains lots of phosphate.   
8 Dairy products contain a low level of phosphate.   
9 Rice contains more phosphate than bread.   
10 Take outs and ready made meals contain a high level of phosphate.   
11 Phosphate binders bind phosphate in your stomach and prevent its absorption into your body.   
12 Phosphate binders are effective even when you take them long after eating a meal.   
13 It is most effective to take medicines that decrease phosphate just before or after meals.   
14 If you forget to take the phosphate binders after meal, you should take twice as many of them after your next meal.   
15 One of the side effects of phosphate binders is constipation.   
16 One of the side effects of phosphate binders id diarrhea   
17 Medicine taken before meals should be done 10 min before.   
18 Medicine taken just after meals should be taken just after meals.   
19 Medicines taken just before and after meals such as phosphate binders can be done during meals.   
20 You should not take phosphate binders if you have eaten little.   
21 Hyperphosphatemia is defined as over 4 g/dl of serum phosphate level,   
22 Hyperphosphatemia is defined as over 5 g/dl of serum phosphate level,   
23 Hyperphosphatemia is defined as over 6 g/dl of serum phosphate level,   
24 Hyperphosphatemia has a bad effect on the heart.   
25 Hyperphosphatemia has a bad effect on muscle tissue.   
26 Hyperphosphatemia occurs due to deposits of phosphate and potassium   
27 Hyperphosphatemia occurs due to a lack of vitamin C.   
28 Supplementation with calcium is effective for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia.   
29 Phosphate is excreted.   
30 You can only remove phosphate by dialysis