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Table 5 Comparison of the categories which reported difficulty in the components of “Environmental factors” according to employment status (n = 149)

From: Factors associated with employment in patients undergoing hemodialysis: a mixed methods study

ICF category Difficulty in current and/or previous workplaces Logistic regression analysis
Experienced (%) Not experienced (%) Univariate Multivariatea
n = 87 n = 62 P* OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P
e110 Products or substances for personal consumption 43.7 30.6 0.107 2.20 1.02–4.72 0.043 2.06 0.73–5.83 0.173
e310 Immediate family 6.9 3.2 0.470 1.36 0.26–7.01 0.713 0.62 0.03–13.20 0.758
e320 Friends 11.5 1.6 0.026 4.84 0.60–38.97 0.139 0.87 0.03–25.77 0.936
e325 Acquaintances, peers, colleagues, neighbors and community members 6.9 1.6 0.240 2.78 0.33–23.81 0.350 0.72 0.02–22.88 0.853
e330 People in positions of authority 2.3 0 0.511
e350 Domesticated animals 0 0 NA
e355 Health professionals 6.9 0 0.041
e410 Individual attitudes of immediate family members 3.4 11.3 0.094 0.27 0.07–1.01 0.051 1.73 0.21–14.39 0.612
e420 Individual attitudes of friends 6.9 1.6 0.240 2.78 0.33–23.81 0.350 5.52 0.34–89.43 0.230
e425 Individual attitudes of acquaintances, peers, colleagues, neighbors and community members 6.9 3.2 0.470 1.36 0.26–7.01 0.713 3.17 0.37–27.51 0.296
e430 Individual attitudes of people in positions of authority 8.0 1.6 0.042
e440 Individual attitudes of personal care providers and personal assistants 1.1 3.2 0.571 0.22 0.02–2.44 0.215 0.46 0.02–13.65 0.655
e450 Individual attitudes of health professionals 23.0 16.1 0.303 3.55 1.16–10.84 0.026 5.77 1.40–23.85 0.015
e465 Social norms, practices, and ideologies 20.7 12.9 0.217 1.61 0.60–4.31 0.347 0.70 0.16–3.13 0.644
e540 Transportation services, systems and policies 10.3 4.8 0.360 5.38 0.67–42.98 0.112 7.35 0.54–100.82 0.136
e555 Associations and organizational services, systems, and policies 12.6 9.7 0.175 1.52 0.47–4.93 0.489 2.36 0.45–12.38 0.309
e560 Media services, systems and policies 18.4 12.9 0.369 3.67 1.04–13.00 0.044 2.59 0.55–12.24 0.230
e570 Social security services, systems and policies 26.4 11.3 0.023 3.55 1.16–10.84 0.026 1.74 0.40–7.55 0.461
e580 Health services, systems and policies 25.3 8.1 0.007 4.35 1.24–0.30 0.022 2.18 0.42–11.34 0.354
e590 Labour and employment services, systems and policies 74.7 25.8 <0.001
  1. OR odds ratio, ICF International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, CI confidence interval
  2. *Chi-square test
  3. aAdjusting for age, hemodialysis vintage, presence of diabetic nephropathy, retinopathy and neuropathy, cerebral vascular disorder, anemia, and employment status
  4. NA refers to "not applicable"