Table 6 Logistic regression analysis

Variable ONS    IDPN    Exercise
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Clinic 1 reference   1 reference   1 reference
Clinic with beds 0.66 0.38–1.11 0.12 1.15 0.68–1.96 0.60 0.50 0.28–0.95 0.03
Hospital (< 200 beds) 0.49 0.22–1.05 0.07 0.50 0.23–1.10 0.08 0.20 0.08–0.49 < 0.01
Hospital (≥ 200 beds) 0.21 0.09–0.45 < 0.001 0.37 0.17–0.82 0.01 0.08 0.03–0.20 < 0.001
Doctor Q1 1 reference   1 reference   1 reference
Q2 0.95 0.59–1.53 0.83 0.76 0.48–1.21 0.25 0.85 0.46–1.63 0.62
Q3 0.62 0.37–1.05 0.08 0.64 0.38–1.07 0.09 0.97 0.50–1.94 0.94
Q4 0.85 0.50–1.45 0.55 0.86 0.51–1.45 0.56 1.39 0.71–2.79 0.34
Nurse Q1 1 reference   1 reference   1 reference
Q2 1.21 0.81–1.84 0.36 0.83 0.55–1.24 0.36 1.00 0.56–1.79 1.00
Q3 1.71 1.14–2.60 0.01 1.70 1.14–2.56 < 0.01 1.66 0.98–2.83 0.06
Q4 1.64 1.03–2.60 0.04 1.71 1.08–2.70 0.02 1.58 0.90–2.81 0.11
Clinical engineer Q1 1 reference   1 reference   1 reference
Q2 1.17 0.67–2.06 0.58 1.51 0.88–2.63 0.13 1.59 0.73–3.80 0.25
Q3 1.92 1.09–3.44 0.03 2.65 1.51–4.71 < 0.001 1.95 0.88–4.72 0.10
Q4 2.76 1.56–5.00 < 0.001 3.32 1.88–5.95 < 0.001 5.93 2.76–14.03 < 0.001
Presence of pharmacist (vs absence) 0.99 0.54–1.81 0.98 0.90 0.49–1.66 0.73 1.03 0.50–2.07 0.93
Presence of clinical dietitian (vs absence) 1.13 0.73–1.73 0.59 1.01 0.65–1.55 0.97 1.94 1.15–3.29 0.01
Presence of physical therapist (vs absence) 1.84 1.05–3.28 0.03 1.95 1.09–3.55 0.02 3.48 1.85–6.66 < 0.001
Regions Hokkaido/Tohoku 0.79 0.44–1.27 0.29 1.58 0.95–2.64 0.08 2.85 1.48–5.46 < 0.01
Kanto 1 reference   1 reference   1 reference
Chubu/Tokai 1.01 0.63–1.60 0.97 1.62 1.03–2.58 0.04 2.05 1.12–3.73 0.02
Kansai 1.00 0.64–1.56 1.00 1.76 1.13–2.76 0.01 1.98 1.10–3.52 0.02
Chugoku/Shikoku 0.90 0.51–1.57 0.71 1.51 0.87–2.63 0.15 2.03 0.97–4.16 0.06
Kyushu/Okinawa 0.76 0.44–1.30 0.31 0.72 0.42–1.23 0.23 2.69 1.37–5.29 <0.01
Patients aged ≥ 65 years (per 10%) 1.14 1.01–1.28 0.03 1.16 1.03–1.30 0.01 1.07 0.93–1.25 0.35
Patients with albumin ≤ 3.5 g/dL (per 10%) 1.03 0.95–1.12 0.44 1.09 1.01–1.17 0.03 0.95 0.86–1.05 0.35
1. Abbreviations: OR odds ratio, CI, confidence interval