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Table 2 Calcium channel blockers affecting aldosterone synthesis

From: Cardiac hypertrophy in chronic kidney disease—role of Aldosterone and FGF23

Ca channel blockers Inhibition of Ca channel subtypes Inhibition of aldosterone production Mineralocorticoid receptor blockade
L-type T-type N-type Adrenal cells Human plasma concentrations
Nifedipine +      + [83]
Amlodipine +      
Efonidipine + +   + [70] + [74, 75]  
Nilvadipine + +     
Azelnidipine + +   + [72] + [77]  
Cilnidipine +   + + [73] + [78, 79]  
Benidipine + + + + [71] + [76] + [84]