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Table 2 Characteristics of included studies

From: Outcomes after peritoneal dialysis catheter placement by laparoscopic surgery versus open surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Interventions Outcomes
Treatment group Control group Details of intervention in the laparoscopic surgery group Preoperative antibiotics
Wright et al. [5] Laparoscopic technique Open surgery   VCM 2.0 g Fluid leak
Pain scores after operation
Exit site infection
Duration of hospitalization
Gadallah et al. [4] Peritoneoscopy Open surgery Using Y-TEC peritoneoscopic technique.
Peritoneoscopically-placed catheters were implanted under local anesthesia.
VCM 1.0 g Catheter survival
Dialysate leak
Hernia
Catheter migration
Tsimoyiannis et al. [6] Laparoscopic placement Open surgery The catheter was secured to the back wall of the uterus or bladder with 2/0 polypropylene.
Five patients who underwent previous laparotomies had an extended adhesiolysis performed before catheter placement.
Not stated Dialysate leak
Catheter migration
Xu et al. [8] Laparoscopic placement Open surgery The catheter was secured to the back wall of the uterus or bladder with 3/0 polypropylene. CTRX 1.0 g Catheter survival
Dialysate leak
Hernia
Exit site infection
The number of pain complaint patients
Catheter migration
Jwo et al. [7] Laparoscopic Open surgery Laparoscopic adhesiolysis was performed for those who had peritoneal adhesions due to previous abdominal surgery or pelvic inflammatory disease. CEZ 0.5 g Catheter survival
Dialysate leak
Hernia
Exit site infection
The number of pain complaint patients
Duration of hospitalization
Catheter migration
Qiao et al. [9] Catheter implantation with laparoscopy Open surgery   Not stated Catheter survival
Dialysate leak
Hernia
Catheter migration
van Laanen et al. [10] Laparoscopic technique Open surgery Only in case of insufficient space in the lower abdomen for a good position of the catheter was adhesiolysis performed. CEZ 1.0 g Catheter survival
Dialysate leak
Exit site infection
Re-operation
Duration of hospitalization
Catheter migration
  1. Abbreviation: RCT randomized control trial, SH single hospital, PD peritoneal dialysis, ESRD end-stage renal disease, SD standard deviation, VCM vancomycin, CTRX ceftriaxone, CEZ cefazolin
  2. aNo information about the details of settings
  3. bThe number of cases per group was not reported
  4. cMean and standard deviation per group were not reported