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Table 1 Characteristics of studies

From: Comparison of peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis as first renal replacement therapy in patients with end-stage renal disease and diabetes: a systematic review

Study/year Region Type of data Name of database Period of patient recruitment Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria Sample size (% diabetes) PD patients with diabetes HD patients with diabetes Outcome discussed in diabetic patients Funding source Potential COI
Kim 2017 Korea Registry Korean HIRA database 2005–2008 Patients initiating dialysis and remaining on chronic dialysis for at least 3 months Younger than 18 years 32,280 (50.1) 3996 12,190 All-cause mortality None None
Shen 2016 Taiwan Registry LHID 2002–2003 Patients initiating HD or PD Younger than 18 years or older than 85 years, history of malignancy, incomplete information on age and gender 15,947 (49.2) 359 7485 New-onset AF Yes None
Tamayo Isla 2016 South Africa Cohort The Pietersburg Provincial Hospital 2007–2014 Patients initiating dialysis and remaining on chronic dialysis for at least 3 months N.A. 340 (10.3) 13 22 All-cause mortality None None
Nesrallah 2016 USA Registry USRDS 2004–2011 Patients initiating daily home HD or PD Younger than 18 years 78,064 (31.6) 23,825 858 All-cause mortality Yes None
Lee 2016 Korea Cohort The CRC for ESRD 2008–2013 Diabetic ESRD patients initiating HD or PD Younger than 18 years, history of kidney transplantation, underlying active malignancy or acute infection, expected to survive < 3 months 902 (100) 265 637 All-cause mortality Yes None
Marshall 2016 Australia and New Zealand Registry ANZDATA 1996–2012 Patients initiating dialysis Younger than 18 years 57,738 (41.6) 7271 16,727 All-cause mortality Yes Yes
Wang 2016 Taiwan Registry NHIRD 2000–2010 Patients newly diagnosed with ESRD, undergoing dialysis for 3 months or longer and with a history of stroke prior to dialysis Under 20 years, with renal transplantation before the index date or with incomplete demographic information 2857 (70.3) 648 1359 All-cause mortality Yes None
Waldum-Grevbo 2015 Norway Registry The Norwegian Renal Registry 2005–2012 Patients starting dialysis as initial RRT Younger than 18 years 3089 (32.1) 200 792 All-cause mortality None None
Yang 2015 Singapore Registry National University Hospital 2005–2010 Patients initiating either HD or PD and surviving the first 90 days of dialysis Younger than 18 years 871 (68.7) 172 426 All-cause mortality None Unclear
Kim 2015 Korea Registry Korean HIRA database 2005–2008 Patients initiating dialysis Patients experiencing MACCE within < 90 days from the date of dialysis initiation, younger than 18 years 30,279 (48.9) 3658 11,154 All-cause mortality
MACCE
Yes None
Marshall 2015 Australia and New Zealand Registry ANZDATA 1998–2012 Patients initiating dialysis Younger than 18 years 37,123 (43.8) ? ? All-cause mortality Yes Yes
Ryu 2015 Korea Registry Korean HIRA database 2005–2008 Patients initiating dialysis Younger than 18 years or surviving for < 90 days from the date of dialysis initiation 32,357 (50.1) ? ? All-cause mortality Yes None
Marshall 2014 Australia and New Zealand Registry ANZDATA 1997–2011 Patients initiating dialysis Younger than 18 years 18,441 (50.1) 4785 4624 All-cause mortality Yes Yes
Kim 2014 Korea Registry Korean HIRA database 2005–2008 Patients initiating dialysis Patients who survived for < 90 days from the date of dialysis initiation, younger than 18 years 32,280 (50.1) 3996 12,190 All-cause mortality Yes None
Heaf 2014 Denmark Registry DNR, LPR 1990–2010 Patients initiating PD or HD, and the following data were extracted: patient age, sex, renal diagnosis, initial therapy (PD/HD), therapy at 90 days, and all changes of therapy N.A. 12,095 (22.6) 916 1822 All-cause mortality None Yes
Mircescu 2014 Romania Registry RRR 2008–2011 Patients initiating dialysis Younger than 18 years, patients who received pre-emptive transplantation or kidney transplantation during the first 90 days of RRT, and patients who had recovery of renal function or who were lost to follow-up during the first 90 days of RRT 9252 (15.5) 194 1246 All-cause mortality Unclear Unclear
  1. Abbreviations: COI conflict of interest, HD hemodialysis, PD peritoneal dialysis, HIRA Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, LHID Longitudinal Health Insurance Database, USRDS US Renal Data System, CRC Clinical Research Center, ESRD end-stage renal disease, ANZDATA, Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry, NHIRD National Health Insurance Research Database, DNR Danish Nephrology Registry, LPR National Patient Registry, RRR Romanian Renal Registry, AF atrial fibrillation, MACCE major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events