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Table 2 The relation between HbA1c and sociodemographic and clinical factors

From: Diabetes-related knowledge in diabetic haemodialysis patients: a cross-sectional study from Palestine

VariableTotalControlledUncontrolledP value
N=147 (%)N=94 (%)N=53 (%)
Age category    
 Age ≤6078 (53.1)47 (50)31 (58.5)0.322
 Age >6069 (46.9)47 (50)22 (41.5)
Gender    
 Male76 (51.7)50 (53.2)26 (49.1)0.630
 Female71 (48.3 )44 (46.8)27 (50.9)
Body mass index    
 Underweight (<18.5)1 (0.7)1 (1.1)0 (0)0.880
 Normal range (18.5-24.9)38 (25.9)25 (26.6)13 (24.5)
 Preobese (overweight) (25-29.9)43 (29.3)27 (28.7)16 (30.2)
 Obese (≥30)65(44.2)41 (43.6)24 (45.3)
Residency    
 Village85 (57.8)54 (57.4)31 (58.5)0.580
 City47 (32)32 (34)15 (28.3)
 Palestinian refugee camp15 (10.2)8 (8.5)7 (13.2)
Living status    
 Live with family141 (95.9)88 (93.6)53 (100)0.064
 Live alone6 (4.1)6 (6.4)0 (0)
Education level    
 No formal education18 (12.2)13 (13.8)5 (9.4)0.362
 Finshed Primary school37 (25.2)24 (25.5)13 (24.5)
 Finshed high school64 (43.5)43 (45.7)21 (39.6)
 College, university or post gradute28 (19)14 (14.9)14 (26.4)
Marital status    
 Single , widow ,divorced29 (19.7)21 (22.3)8 (15.1)0.290
 Married118 (80.3)73 (77.7)45 (84.9)
Occupation    
 Unemployed132 (89.8)85 (90.40)47 (88.7)0.737
 Employed15 (10.2)9 (9.6)6 (11.3)
Household income (month)    
 Low (less than 550 US$)77 (52.4)49 (52.1)28 (52.8)0.320
 Moderate (550–1400 US$)57 (38.8)39 (41.5)18 (34)
 High (more than 1400 US$)13 (8.8)6 (6.4)7 (13.2)
Smoking    
 Not smoker115 (78.2)72 (76.6)43 (81.1)0.522
 Smoker32 (21.8)22 (23.4)10 (18.9)
Duration of dialysis (year)    
 Less than 4 years91(61.9)56 (59.6)3 5 (66)0.438
 4 years or more56(38.1)38 (40.4)18 (34)
Duration of diabtes (year)    
 1-3 years8 (5.4)7 (7.4)1 (1.9)0.053
 4-5 years3 (2)3 (3.2)0 (0)
 More than 5 years136 (92.5)84 (89.4)52 (98.1)
Frequency of dialysis (session/week)    
 2 sessions or less19 (12.9)12(12.8)7 (13.2)0.940
 3 sessions or more128 (87.1)82 (87.2)46 (86.8)
Treatment hours per session    
 Less than 4 hours125 (85)81 (86.2)44 (83)0.607
 4 hours or more22 (15)13 (13.8)9 (17)
Kidney transplant    
 Yes3 (2)2 (2.1)1 (1.9)0.705
 No144 (98)92 (97.9)52 (98.1)
Total chronic diseases    
 None7 (4.8)4 (4.3)3 (5.7)0.137
 One49 (33.3)36 (38.3)13 (24.5)
 Two48 (32.7)29 (30.9)19 (35.8)
 Three or more43 (29.3)25 (26.6)18 (34)
Total chronic medications    
 Less than 895 (64.6)59 (62.8)36 (67.9)0.530
 8 or more52 (35.4)35 (37.2)17 (32.1)
Drugs taking    
 Takes drugs alone95 (64.6)60 (63.8)35 (66)0.788
 Takes drugs by others52 (35.4)34 (36.2)18 (34)
MDKT classification    
 Less than 79 (6.1)7 (7.4)2 (3.8)0.517
 From 7 to 10103 (70.1)63 (67.0)40 (75.5)
 11 or more35 (23.8)24 (25.5)11 (20.8)
  1. US$, US dollars; HbA1c, glycated haemoglobin; MKDT, Michigan Diabetic Knowledge Test