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Table 3 Comparison for effects on incidence of PD-related peritonitis between APD and CAPD

From: Which clinical conditions are most suitable for induction of automated peritoneal dialysis?

Study (published year) Study design Setting countries Data source N (CAPD,APD) Duration of observation Results
Alliapoulos JC et al. (1984) [102] Cross-sectional study USA (N/A) Single center 10 pediatric patients and subsequently CCPD. 15.0 ± 2.8 months for CAPD vs. 9.3 ± 3.2 months Ns.
de Fijter CW et al. (1994) [15] Prospective randomized study Netherlands (1988–1991) Single center 82 (41, 41) 24 months APD was better
Bro S et al. (1999) [16] Prospective randomized study Denmark (1995–1999) Multicenter 34 (17, 17) 6 months 2 cases for CAPD, 1 case for APD
Rodríguez-Carmona A et al. (1999) [103] Prospective nonrandomized study Spain (1989–1998) Single center 328 (213, 115) 3 months–10 years APD was better
Yishak A et al. (2001) [104] Prospective observational study USA (1990–2000) Multicenter 583 (384, 199) N/A Ns.
Oo TN et al. (2005) [105] National registry data US (1994–1997) Multicenter 11,975 (9190, 2785) 6 months–2 years APD was better
Davenport A. (2009) [106] Observational cross-sectional study UK (2002–2003) Multicenter 863 (538, 325) at the end of 2002, (635, 445) at the end of 2003 2 years APD was better
Nessim SJ et al. (2009) [107] Prospective cohort study Canada (1996–2005) Multicenter 3180 (N/A) N/A Ns.
Balasubramanian G et al. (2011) [11] Retrospective observational study UK (2003–2008) Single center 372 (178–194) 5 years APD was better
Rüger W et al. (2011) [36] Retrospective observational study Netherlands (1993–2007) Single center 205 (112, 93) 14 years Ns.
Mizuno M et al. (2011) [108] Retrospective observational study Japan (2005–2007) Multicenter 561 (N/A) N/A Ns.
Lee OK et al. (2013) [79] Retrospective observational study Korea (1986–2011) Single center 57 (51, 6), less than 18 years old 6 months–240 months APD was better in childhood
Kwan BC et al. (2013) [10] Retrospectiv observational study Hong Kong (1995–2011) Multicenter 270 (180, 90) 9.5 months–46.5 months APD was better for induction period of PD
Nishina M et al. (2013) [109] Retrospective cohort study Japan (2001–2011) Single center 192 (156, 36) 10 years Ns.
Lan PG et al. (2014) [34] Prospective observational study Australia and New Zealand (2003–2011) Multicenter (ANZDATA) 6959 (2761, 4198) Mean 1.9 years Ns.
Beduschi GC et al. (2015) [12] Prospective cohort study Brazil (2004–2011) Multicenter 2890 (1445, 1445) 5 years Ns. for time to first episode of peritonitis
Mizuno M et al. (2016) [35] Retrospective observational study Japan (2010–2012) Multicenter 200 (119, 81) 3 years Ns.
  1. Ref. Bieber SD et al. [7]
  2. Ns. no significant differences between CAPD and CAD, N/A not available in the text, ANZDATA Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant